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What Happened in the World 100 Years Ago - 02/20/1920

Famous explorer Robert Peary dead [Famous explorer Robert Peary dead] Robert Edwin Peary (1856 - 1920), the man credited with discovering the North Pole, died in Washington, D.C. at age of 64. The Navy recognized his achievement by making him a Rear Admiral in 1911, when he retired from service. Pennsylvania-born Peary readied for his Arctic explorations by conquering first the more accessible land mass of Greenland. As a Navy civil engineer, he surveyed the interior of Greenland on several trips between 1891 and 1897. On April 6, 1909, Peary reached the Noth Pole. Congress and world authorities recognized Peary as the first to stand at the top of the world.

[中文] 著名探险家罗伯特·皮瑞去世  

Historical Events

• Major Events

USA
On July 4, 1776, the Thirteen Colonies claimed independence from Britain and a democratic United States was born. 
(07/04/1776)
 
USA
The American Civil War between the Federal government ("Union") and 11 southern slave states (Confederate States of America). 
(1861 – 1865)
 
End of WWII in Europe
Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt and Josef Stalin at the Yalta summit 
(02/1945)
 
Japan's surrender on 8/15/1945
Japan signed the surrender paper on the deck of Missouri on 9/3/1945. Picture shows the ceremony of Japan's surrender in China. 
(09/3/1945)
 
China
Establishment of the People's Republic of China 
(10/01/1949)
 
China
On January 1, 1979, the People's Republic of China and the United States issued a joint statement announcing the establishment of formal diplomatic relations between the two countries. From January 28 to February 5, Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping and his wife Zhuo Lin made an eight-day official visit to United States, at the invitation of U.S. President Jimmy Carter and his wife. 
(01/28/1979)
 
Hongkong
Hongkong Handover to China 
(07/01/1997)
 

• Tragic Events

2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
The Great East Japan Earthquake (東日本大震災) was a magnitude 9.0 undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan, causing 15,689 deaths. 
(03/11/2011)
 
2008 Sichuan earthquake
The Great Sichuan Earthquake (Wenchuan earthquake) was a deadly earthquake that measured at 8.0 Ms and 7.9 Mw occurred on Monday, May 12, 2008 in Sichuan province of China, killing an estimated 68,000 people. 
(05/12/2008)
 
Indian Ocean tsunami
Indian Ocean tsunami, the deadliest tsunami in recorded history, killed approximately 230,000 people. 
(12/26/2004)
 
New York 911
19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners and intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing everyone on board and thousands of those working in the buildings. 
(09/11/2001)
 
New York 911
New York Terrorist Attack - Nearly 3,000 victims and the 19 hijackers died in the attacks. 
(09/11/2001)
 
Concorde crash
Air France Flight 4590 (Concorde flight) caught fire and crashed moments after takeoff from Paris en route to New York. All one hundred passengers and nine crew members on board the flight died. 
(07/25/2000)
 
Air show crash
Two MiG-29s of the Russian Air Force Russian Swifts aerobatic team collided in mid-air and crashed away from the public. No one was hurt on the ground, and both pilots ejected safely. 
(07/1993)
 
Tangshan Earthquake
Tangshan earthquake (in Heibei province), a magnitude 7.8 earthquake, leveled the city of one million people to the ground. The death toll reached 240,000. 
(07/28/1976)
 

Today In History

 

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